There are two kinds of Vocational Training Institution coming for NABET accreditation
A. Industrial Training Institute seeking NCVT Affiliation
The Craftsmen Training Scheme was introduced by the Government of India in 1950 to ensure a steady flow of the skilled workers in different trades for the domestic industry, to raise quantitatively and qualitatively the industrial training, to reduce unemployment among the educated youth by providing them employable training, to cultivate and nurture a technical and industrial attitude in the minds of the younger generation.
National Council for Vocational Training was set up by the Government of India in the year 1956. The Council has been entrusted with the responsibilities of prescribing standards and curricula for Craftsmen Training, advising the Government of India on the overall policy and programmes, conducting All India Trades and awarding National Trade Certificates.
The main objective of National Council for Vocational Training is to function as a central agency to advise the Government of India in framing the Training policy and coordinating vocational training throughout India.
The Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T) in Ministry of Labour and Employment is the apex organization for development and coordination at National level for the programmes relating to vocational training including Women's Vocational Training and Employment Services. Employment service is operated through a countrywide network of Employment Exchanges. Industrial Training Institutes are under the administrative and financial control of State Governments or Union Territory Administrations. DGE&T also operates Vocational Training Schemes in some of the specialized areas through field institutes under its direct control. Development of these programmes at national level, particularly in the area concerning common policies, common standards and procedures, training of instructors and trade testing is the responsibility of the DGE&T. But, day-to-day administration of employment Exchanges and Industrial Training Institutes rests with the State Governments/ Union Territories Administrations.
National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT), Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) and Quality Council of India have developed an Accreditation Document for NCVT Affiliation of Government and Private Industrial Training Institutes (ITI’s). All Industrial Training Institutes intending for National Council of Vocational Training of Institute affiliation are first required to obtain accreditation from Quality Council of India for seeking NCVT affiliation. QCI will forward the accreditation report to DGE&T. DGE&T will further submit the application along with accreditation report for consideration of NCVT affiliation.
National Accreditation Board for Education and Training (NABET), a constituent Board of Quality Council of India (QCI) is responsible for handling the scheme of Accreditation of Government and Private Industrial Training Institutes. QCI (NABET) accreditation is applicable to following Industrial Training Institutes –
a) New Government and Private Industrial Training Institutes
b) Existing ITI’s wanting to add new trades
c) Existing ITI’s wanting to add units in existing Trade/s
The accreditation criteria provides framework for the effective management and delivery of the competency based Training aimed at overall development of the students. The criteria developed per se is applicable to Government as well as Private Industrial Training Institutes (ITI’s)
B. Vocational Training Provider not seeking NCVT affiliation and needs only NABET accreditation
Quality in vocational training has been chosen as one of the focus area under overall mission of National Well Being.
In view of this, Quality Council of India (QCI) has developed the Accreditation Criteria for Quality Governance of Vocational Training Institutions. The Accreditation criteria provides framework for the effective management and delivery of the competency based Vocational Education and Training (VET) aimed at overall development of the students.
Vocational Education and Training (VET) includes affiliated Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Industrial Training Centers (ITCs) and Vocational Training Providers (VTPs).
Accreditation is a process of establishing competence of VET in delivering the requisite elements of vocational training and its ability to carry out evaluation of competence acquired by the students, so as to make professional judgment. Accreditation focuses on learning, self development and encourages VET to pursue continual excellence. Accreditation helps in recognizing VET and professional programs affiliated with these institutions for a level of performance, integrity and quality which entitles them to the confidence of the stakeholders and community they serve.
The purpose of introducing accreditation program for VET is to uphold high standard of
quality and expectation of the various stakeholders of the VET system. Some of the salient objectives include;
- To assess institutions and their programs that meet defined quality standards;
- To foster excellence in VET institutions building effectiveness in delivering
- competency based education and training
- To establish framework for continuous improvement and provide opportunity to benchmark with other institutions
- To facilitate developing professional competency of the students
- To provide basis for determining eligibility for assistance and investment of public funds by regulatory/ affiliating agencies
- Under the vocational stream a wide range of courses pertaining to different trades and vocations are offered. This set of criteria is equally applicable covering such a range of sectors and trades i.e.,
- Engineering and Technology
- Agriculture and Rural Development
- Business and Commerce
- Home Science and Hospitality Services
- Health and Para-medical
- Computer Science & Information Technology
- Library & Information Science
- Enrichment Courses.
Accreditation Criteria for Vocational Training Institutes specifies requirements for accreditation of an Institution which:
- needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide competency based
- vocational Training that meets interested party requirements and facilitate
- overall development of students,
- aims to enhance interested party satisfaction through the effective
- Application of process approach for continual improvement of the system.
- All requirements of this criteria are generic in nature and are intended to be applicable to all Institutions, regardless of type, size and nature of Vocational Training service provided.